Natural Raw Uncut Diamonds Guide And Insights

Rough diamonds, also known as uncut and unpolished gems, offer a unique beauty with their distinct crystal structure. Unlike their polished counterparts, raw diamonds may not immediately reveal their true potential, often resembling ordinary rocks or pebbles. However, a closer look reveals their hidden brilliance and allure.

Throughout this guide, we will explore the characteristics, distinguishing features, and sources of raw diamonds, providing valuable insights into these precious stones. Whether you’re an enthusiast, a potential investor, or simply curious about the world of diamonds, this guide aims to showcase the mesmerizing beauty and investment potential of natural raw uncut diamonds.

Raw Diamond Characteristics

Raw diamonds, also known as rough diamonds, possess distinct characteristics that set them apart from their polished counterparts. These unique features include:


Raw diamonds showcase a wide array of hues, ranging from colorless to various shades of yellow, brown, and even rare colors like blue and green.


The clarity of raw diamonds can vary significantly. Some raw diamonds exhibit high transparency, while others may contain visible inclusions or imperfections. These impurities contribute to the raw diamond’s unique charm.

Crystal Form

The crystal form of a raw diamond can vary, influenced by the conditions under which it formed. Raw diamonds can display distorted or irregular shapes, adding to their natural allure.

Inclusions And Imperfections

Compared to polished diamonds, raw diamonds typically have more visible inclusions and imperfections on their surface. These characteristics are a result of the diamond’s journey from the Earth’s depths to its extraction.


Cleavage refers to the natural tendency of a diamond to split along specific planes of weakness. This property must be carefully considered when cutting and shaping raw diamonds to avoid any structural weaknesses.

Understanding the colorclaritycrystal forminclusionsimperfections, and cleavage characteristics of raw diamonds is essential in appreciating their natural beauty and deciding how best to transform them into stunning, polished gemstones.

Distinguishing Raw Diamonds

Distinguishing raw diamonds from look-alikes requires careful examination. Various tests can be conducted to determine the authenticity of a raw diamond.

Visual Inspection

Visual inspection plays a crucial role in identifying raw diamonds. By closely examining the stone, one can observe its crystalline texture and octahedral molecular structure, which are distinctive features of raw diamonds.

Hardness Test

The hardness test is a reliable method to differentiate raw diamonds from other stones. By conducting a scratch test against materials like glass or quartz, diamond experts can assess the exceptional hardness of raw diamonds. If the stone leaves a scratch on the material, it indicates that it is a raw diamond, as diamonds are the hardest known natural substance.

Thermal Conductivity Test

thermal conductivity test can also be used to identify raw diamonds. This test measures the stone’s ability to conduct heat. Raw diamonds have excellent thermal conductivity, which means they quickly dissipate heat. By subjecting the stone to heat and observing its response, experts can confirm its identity as a raw diamond.

Density Test

The density test involves comparing the weight of the stone in air and water. Diamonds have a high specific gravity, which results in a significant difference in weight between air and water. By carefully measuring the stone’s weight in both mediums, experts can determine if it has the specific gravity of a diamond.

To further authenticate the raw diamond, a combination of these tests can be performed, providing a comprehensive assessment of its properties and confirming its identity.

Common Look-Alikes

When it comes to identifying raw diamonds, there are several minerals that can be mistaken for the real deal. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most common look-alikes:

Cubic Zirconia

cubic zirconiaCubic zirconia is a popular diamond simulant that shares a visual similarity with raw diamonds. However, it differs in terms of hardness and thermal conductivity. While cubic zirconia may sparkle like a diamond, its properties reveal its true nature under examination.


Similar to cubic zirconiamoissanite is another diamond simulant that closely resembles raw diamonds. Moissanite’s brilliance and fire make it a popular alternative to diamonds. However, it also has distinct characteristics that differentiate it from genuine diamonds.


Quartz is a common mineral that may resemble diamonds due to its crystal structure. However, quartz has a lower hardness compared to diamonds. While it can possess a natural sparkle and clarity, careful examination and testing can reveal its true identity.


Another mineral that can be mistaken for a diamond is feldspar. Like quartz, feldspar shares a similar crystal structure with diamonds but lacks the hardness of a genuine diamond. Though it may exhibit some visual similarities, closer evaluation can expose its true nature.

Herkimer Diamonds

Despite their name, Herkimer diamonds are not actually diamonds. They are quartz crystals found in Herkimer County, New York. While they share some characteristics with real diamonds, such as transparency and clarity, their different hardness and angular shapes distinguish them from genuine diamonds.

Sources Of Raw Diamonds

Raw diamonds, with their uncut and unpolished state, can be found in various geological formations across the Earth. Understanding the sources of these precious gemstones provides insights into their origins and the processes that lead to their formation.

Cratons And Kimberlite Pipes

Cratons, ancient parts of the Earth’s crust, play a significant role in the formation of raw diamonds. Within these cratonskimberlite pipes are the primary conduits that bring diamonds from the depths of the mantle to the Earth’s surface. These vertical columns of volcanic rock are formed through explosive eruptions, carrying with them the coveted and rare gems.

Lamprophyre Dikes

Intruding towards the surface through existing rock, lamprophyre dikes can also contain diamond-bearing rocks. These dikes are formed from the crystallization of magma, bringing raw diamonds closer to the Earth’s surface. The geological processes that create lamprophyre dikes provide opportunities for the formation and preservation of these precious gemstones.

High-Pressure Metamorphic Rocks

Under extreme conditions deep within the Earth, high-pressure metamorphic rocks can host raw diamonds. The intense pressure and temperature exerted during the formation of these rocks contribute to the creation of an environment conducive to diamond formation. These rocks hold the potential for yielding exceptional gem-quality diamonds.

Meteorites And Extraterrestrial Diamond Formation

Intriguingly, some meteorites have been discovered to contain small amounts of diamonds. These extraterrestrial diamonds, formed under unique circumstances in space, offer scientists valuable insights into the processes that create these sparkling gems. The study of meteorites and their diamond content provides a glimpse into the interstellar origins of these precious stones.

Understanding the diverse sources of raw diamonds deepens our appreciation of their rarity and beauty. These geological formations, such as cratonskimberlite pipeslamprophyre dikeshigh-pressure metamorphic rocks, and even extraterrestrial sources, contribute to the allure and fascination surrounding raw diamonds.

Lab-Grown Diamonds

Lab-grown diamonds are emerging as an ethical and sustainable alternative to mined diamonds. These diamonds offer the same chemical and physical properties as their natural counterparts, making them virtually indistinguishable. They are created through two primary methods: high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD).

HPHT involves subjecting a diamond seed to intense pressure and high temperatures, replicating the natural conditions under which diamonds are formed. This process allows the growth of a diamond with the same crystal structure as a natural diamond. On the other hand, the CVD method involves depositing carbon atoms onto a diamond seed using a combination of heat and activated gases. This results in the formation of a diamond with layers of atoms, mirroring the structure of a natural diamond.

By opting for lab-grown diamonds, consumers can have confidence in their choice of an ethical and sustainable alternative. These diamonds are produced in a controlled laboratory environment, avoiding the environmental and social impact associated with diamond mining. Furthermore, lab-grown diamonds provide the opportunity to obtain a beautiful and high-quality gemstone without the concerns often associated with mined diamonds.

Benefits Of Lab-Grown Diamonds:

  • Ethical and Sustainable: Lab-grown diamonds are created without the need for mining, reducing the impact on ecosystems and local communities.
  • Identical Properties: Due to their identical chemical and physical properties, lab-grown diamonds exhibit the same brilliance, durability, and beauty as natural diamonds.
  • Price Accessibility: Lab-grown diamonds offer a more affordable option without compromising on quality.
  • Conflict-Free: With lab-grown diamonds, there is no concern about the trade of conflict or blood diamonds.
  • Diverse Options: Lab-grown diamonds are available in various sizes, cuts, and colors, providing a wide range of choices for consumers.

Whether one chooses a lab-grown or a natural diamond, both options have their unique advantages. Ultimately, the decision rests on individual preferences, values, and budget considerations. However, lab-grown diamonds present a compelling choice for those seeking an ethical and sustainable alternative without compromising on the beauty and allure of a diamond.

ethical and sustainable alternative

Diamond Polishing And Cutting Process

The polishing and cutting process of diamonds is a meticulous art. Each rough diamond undergoes a thorough examination to determine the best way to cut it for maximum value. This process takes into account factors such as the diamond’s shape, size, and internal characteristics.

One of the essential tools used in the diamond cutting process is the diamond-cut chart. This chart helps differentiate between different cuts and determines their premium pricing. It guides the diamond cutter in achieving the desired shape and proportions that maximize the stone’s brilliance and beauty.

Diamond sawing is the initial step in transforming a rough diamond into a faceted gemstone. Specialized equipment, along with diamond dust, is used to carefully cut the rough diamond into separate pieces, also known as “sawing.” This step requires precision to minimize the loss of the valuable material and optimize the final yield.

Once the diamond is sawed, it undergoes the diamond polishing stage, also referred to as brillianteering. This step focuses on refining the facets of the diamond to maximize light reflection and brilliance. Highly skilled diamond cutters use specialized tools and techniques to shape and polish each facet with precision.

A crucial tool used in the diamond polishing process is the scaif, which is a diamond cutting wheel. The scaif brings out the diamond’s radiance by meticulously polishing the facets. The diamond is carefully rotated against the scaif to achieve a high level of precision and mirror-like finishes.

This intricate process requires expertise, patience, and an unwavering commitment to craftsmanship. The result is a breathtaking diamond that showcases its true beauty, brilliance, and fire.

Diamond Cutting Facts

Diamond cutting is a fascinating blend of art and science that demands years of study and a meticulous attention to detail. It is a craft that can only be mastered through extensive practice and dedication. From the rough diamond to the polished gem, the process of cutting diamonds is a labor-intensive endeavor with little room for errors. These factors contribute to the mystique and allure of diamonds, making them truly precious and sought-after.

In the world of diamonds, a diamantaire is a highly skilled individual who specializes in the craft of diamond cutting. These experts spend years honing their skills and acquiring the knowledge needed to transform rough diamonds into dazzling works of art. They meticulously analyze each rough diamond to determine the best way to cut and shape it, maximizing its brilliance and value.

The process of cutting diamonds involves precision and attention to the stone’s unique characteristics. It requires a deep understanding of the crystal structure and the desired outcome. An intricate dance between the diamantaire’s skill and the diamond’s natural properties takes place during the cutting process.

The diamantaire carefully analyzes the rough diamond, considering its shape, size, and any inclusions or imperfections that may affect the final result. They plan the cuts, aiming to optimize the stone’s beauty while minimizing waste. Each facet is carefully crafted to reflect and refract light in the most captivating way, enhancing the diamond’s brilliance and fire.

Diamond Cutting: An Art Of Precision

The art of diamond cutting requires a meticulous approach that leaves no room for errors. Even the slightest miscalculation or misalignment can significantly impact the final appearance and value of the diamond. The process demands unwavering attention to detail and a keen eye for precision.

As a diamantaire works on a rough diamond, they meticulously evaluate every facet, ensuring they are cut to the correct proportions and angles. Each cut must be precise to optimize the stone’s interaction with light, resulting in maximum sparkle and brilliance. The decision to cut a diamond is irreversible, highlighting the importance of skill and expertise in the process.

Preserving The Diamond’s Beauty

Throughout history, diamond cutting has evolved as both an art form and a scientific pursuit. Advancements in technology and tools have refined the cutting process, allowing for greater precision and control. However, the core principles of preserving and enhancing a diamond’s natural beauty remain unchanged.

Even with modern techniques and equipment, diamond cutting remains a delicate balance between art and science. It requires mastery of the tools and an intimate understanding of the diamond’s internal structure. The diamantaire must make calculated decisions about which cuts to make and how to shape the stone, all while maintaining its integrity and maximizing its visual appeal.

Diamond cutting is a testament to human ingenuity and craftsmanship. It is the careful fusion of creativity and scientific expertise that transforms a rough diamond into a mesmerizing gemstone. Diamonds hold an enduring allure, captivating us with their brilliance and elegance, thanks to the dedicated work of the skilled diamantaires behind the scenes.


Natural raw uncut diamonds possess a unique beauty that is unmatched by their polished counterparts. These unrefined gems showcase the raw, untouched essence of nature, capturing the imagination with their rugged charm and distinct characteristics.

Distinguishing natural raw uncut diamonds from look-alikes requires careful examination and testing. From their color, clarity, and crystal form to the presence of inclusions and imperfections, each raw diamond tells a compelling story of its origins and journey from the Earth’s depths.

Understanding the geological sources of natural raw uncut diamonds provides valuable insights into their formation. Whether found in cratons, kimberlite pipes, lamprophyre dikes, high-pressure metamorphic rocks, or even meteorites, these precious stones bear the secrets of the Earth’s ancient history.

Moreover, as an ethical and sustainable alternative to mined diamonds, lab-grown diamonds have gained prominence in recent years. By recreating the conditions of diamond formation, these man-made gems possess the same chemical and physical properties as their natural counterparts, offering a socially responsible choice for consumers.

With their investment potential and enduring allure, natural raw uncut diamonds are not only captivating pieces of natural art but also wise investment options. The combination of their unique beauty, lasting value, and the scarcity of their unrefined state make them highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts worldwide.

As the art and science of diamond cutting and polishing transform raw diamonds into exquisite jewels, their natural raw uncut state remains a testament to their undeniable charm. Natural raw uncut diamonds truly embody the timeless beauty that continues to captivate and inspire individuals with its raw and unadulterated splendor.

March 21, 2024

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